Lake Erie Regional Grape Program Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Pest Management
  • Vineyard Nutrition
  • Crop Management
  • Market Development
  • Farm Business

Enrollment Benefits

  • Vineyard Consultations
  • Vineyard Notes Newsletter
  • Crop Update Weekly Electronic Newsletter
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • Discounted Conference Registration Fees

Enrollee Login



Log In To Access:

  • Issues of Vineyard Notes
  • Issues of Crop Update

Not an Enrollee?
Enroll Now!

PA Growers Visit PA Extension or call 814.825.0900 for a subscription form

Online Enrollment Form

FALL   •   WINTER   •   SPRING   •   SUMMER
New Vineyard Timeline     
Grape - Spring Content

BUSINESS MANAGEMENT   •   CULTURAL PRACTICES   •   IPM   •   VINE NUTRITION AND SOILS

Cultural Practices

Cultural PracticesVineyard Nutrition
Just as in humans, nutritional balance within the vine is essential to consistent fruit quality and quantity. How do you balance nutrition in the vineyard? While the majority of nutritional management can be dealt with prior to planting, such as adjusting soil pH and organic matter, vineyard soil management is a continual process and requires monitoring to ensure healthy, productive vines. It's better to maintain proper soil health practices than to try to correct problems when leaf symptoms are visible. How can you keep an eye on vineyard nutrition? Soil and petiole testing will help you monitor nutrients available in the soil and in the plants. We recommend doing BOTH soil and petiole testing to verify that what you have available in the soil is actually getting into the vines. If a petiole test result indicates a deficiency, but soil test results indicate adequate levels of a nutrient, an alternative problem, such as improper soil pH or inadequate water drainage, could be the culprit.


CULTURAL PRACTICES CATEGORIES




Most Recent Cultural Practices Spring Content

Nitrogen Worksheet

Kevin Martin, Extension Educator, Business Management
Lake Erie Regional Grape Program

Last Modified: June 4, 2015

Freeze Damage

Last Modified: February 24, 2015
Freeze Damage

Lake Erie Grape belt low temperatures in Feb 2015 reached -19 to -29 degrees F and this has caused variable damage to fruiting buds of grapevines. Viticulture Specialist, Luke Haggerty, and the CLEREL staff are evaluating the extent of bud damage from several vineyards across the region.

Beta Testing of eNEWA for Grapes

Tim Weigle, Team Leader, Statewide Grape IPM Specialist
Lake Erie Regional Grape Program

Last Modified: February 10, 2014
Beta Testing of eNEWA for Grapes

Would you like to see the current weather and grape pest information found on NEWA without having to click through the website? Then eNEWA is for you. eNEWA is a daily email that contains current weather and pest model information from a station, or stations, near you. The email will contain; 1) high, low and average temperature, rainfall, wind speed and relative humidity 2) the 5-day forecast for these weather parameters, 3) GDD totals (Base 50F), 4) 5-day GDD (Base 50F) forecast and 5) model results for powdery mildew, black rot, Phomopsis and grape berry moth. The weather information is provided for not only the current day but for the past two days as well.





calendar of events

Upcoming Events

LERGP Coffee Pot Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

May 11, 2016
10:00am
Burt, NY

Come join the LERGP team and fellow growers for pertinent discussion on what is happening in your vineyard right now.
view details

LERGP Coffee Pot Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

May 18, 2016
10:00am
Lake City, PA

Come join the LERGP team and fellow growers for pertinent discussion on what is happening in your vineyard right now.
view details

LERGP Coffee Pot Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

May 25, 2016
10:00am
Irving, NY

Come join the LERGP team and fellow growers for pertinent discussion on what is happening in your vineyard right now.
view details

Announcements

Frost Damage Identified

Frost Damage; Check your Buds!
Luke Haggerty
Viticulture Extension Educator
Lake Erie Grape Program

I traveled across the majority of the belt today (Friday April 29th) looking for frost damage from the frost event on April 26/27th. I found severe (90%) damage in parts of Cattaraugus, Erie and the north eastern part of Chautauqua counties. Damage in this area was not confined to low spots or frost pockets and could be found vineyard wide.
As I move west, most areas were unharmed. However... (a big however), I found frost damage in low spots and frost pockets. Areas I found damage in were along the railroad tracks in Portland and Westfield. Most of the damage in this area was confined to low spots and frost pockets.
My Message:
• There are some hard hit areas with 90%+ primary damage.
• Not all areas are damaged! Damage varies across the belt. Many unharmed vineyards.
• The impact on yields will be variable.
• I have not found any secondary bud damage. In some cases the secondary buds are already larger than the damaged primaries. So you need to evaluate your damage within the next week or so, before damage is obscured by the secondary shoots.
• From the road the buds look good, but they may not be. You have to break, cut, or simply pluck off the bud to see the damage. Like winter damage you are looking for brown, black and crunchy buds.
• If you have damage call your crop insurance agent.




2016 Hops Production in the Lake Erie Region

This workshop is designed to provide some background information related to hops production as well as tackling some of the techniques that will help you to become profitable with your hops production. Topics include choosing the right plants, site selection, trellis layout and nutrition. ;Also covered will be how to work with a brewery to give them the hops they are looking for, and in what. There will be in-flied opportunities to interact with speakers in the CLEREL hopyards.  To register, or for more information, please visit our Hops Conference registration page

2016 Enhancement Grant Meeting 02/10/2016

On Farm Enhancement Grant Program Funding for agricultural development in the Southern Tier was passed in the NYS budget in 2015. At the time, really the only thing we knew was the vision and the dollar amount. Toward the end of January information, including the final request for applications (RFA) was released. A deluge of phone calls to Extension, Soil & Water and Farm Credit soon followed. Growers and farmers in the Southern Tier may submit projects to their soil and water county office. Applications will be processed in groups submitted and completed before each of four deadlines or until funds are exhausted. Funding is available to help grow farm businesses and improve the southern tier regional economy. Funding is also available to reduce the environmental impact and externalities associated with a farm business.  In the meantime, if you are interested in this process take a few minutes to read the following questions that most farmers have. If you’ve read through the RFP and you know exactly what is what, please feel free to skip ahead. If you find that you still have questions, we will have an informal question and answer here at CLEREL on Wednesday, February 11th at 1:30 PM. At this time, it will just be me answering your questions. I’ll do my best but soil and water and NYS Dept. of Ag and Markets are the authoritative bodies here. I’m just here to help.  Some questions have been very similar; lets get those out of the way. The application process requires the farm to have a business plan and/or environmental plan. For the business plan, Extension will serve as a third party to assist, guide and approve a business plan. Consultants may be able to complete a business plan entirely for you, if you would rather go that route. No funding is available to develop a business plan or environmental plan.  There are numerous requirements to qualify a farm for funding. We can provide links, in addition to the RFA. Please read through those documents carefully, the requirements draw some very strict lines that will exclude farm operations. For projects under $50,001, a 10% match will need to be provided by the grower. For projects between $50,001 and $100,000 a 25% match will need to be provided by the grower. In kind land, labor and capital will not qualify for a match. The grower will need to have real skin in the game, so to speak.Our current understanding is that a completed copy of vine balance is one way to meet the AEM requirements associated with an application. For more information, please see http://www.vinebalance.com/workbook_sections.php If you have not been a farmer for the last three years, your eligibility for this project is questionable. The NYS Property Tax Credit for three of the last five years must be included with your application process. The owner claiming the credit must match the applicant. If the applicant is a business organization, such as an LLC, the applicant must be the LLC. The LLC must meet all other qualifications. There will likely be at least 50 farmers over the next four years that obtain funding to grow their farm business. For farmers with a good plan, this should boost their net revenues by at least $6,000 per year for the next 15 years or more.  I expect some frustration for the farmers that go through a rather lengthy process and receive potentially reduced funding or no funding due to the limited amount of funding available. I also expect that a few poorly executed plans may have ROI’s of less than 1/3 of what I would hope for. For better or worse, for some this will be a great opportunity to review their business and strengthen its financial condition.If you need a business plan reviewed as part of your application process please feel free to give me a call. As I mentioned before, this process has really increased the volume of calls to a number of organizations. While I do have empathy for the procrastinators among us, it will not be practical to complete this application at the last minute. I cannot rubber stamp business plans on March 4th to meet a deadline. We just may not have the resources to work through them that quickly. So if you’re interested, please start the process now. I wish you all the best of luck.

LERGP Leads $6M USDA Project in Viticulture

Cornell University research into precision viticulture will get a $6 million federal funding boost towards a project that gives grape growers access to digital maps detailing the health of their vineyards at a level never before achieved.
Led by Terry Bates, director of the Cornell Lake Erie Research and Extension Lab in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS), the project focuses on bringing precision agriculture technology to the juice, wine, raisin, and table grape industries in the U. S.
The grant from the USDA’s Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI) will fund research over four years to develop and implement digital mapping technology for use by growers of various scales cultivating all grape species.
The project uses a suite of mobile sensors that measure conditions related to the soil, canopy and crop. Software developed by the project team crunches thousands of data points to produce digital maps layered with information detailing specific conditions.
The maps give farmers and vineyard managers an unprecedented vantage point to compare sections within their vineyards. Armed with that information, growers will be able to address areas of weakest productivity and significantly enhance their ability to predict crop size, yield, and quality across their entire vineyard. Bates said that in the past even sophisticated growers have been unable to adequately determine vineyard health at a spatial level. By creating a visual representation of a vineyard, the new technology allows underperforming sections to be spotted, giving growers the information they need to make targeted approaches to decrease variability and increase productivity.
Growers already have the tools needed to improve crop health, from fertilization to pruning techniques, Bates said. Now, growers will have data needed to spot areas of lagging productivity, and inform their decision on how best to deploy resources.
Visually they start to see areas of their vineyard that are not producing as well, and where it’s costing them money,” said Bates. The project aims to increase yield by 20 percent, and decrease the variability across sections by 30 percent.<br>The project is the top priority of the National Grape and Wine Initiative, a national grower-led entity whose membership includes all grape crops, spanning farms of all sizes in all grape producing states. Cornell researchers are joined by Carnegie Mellon, Penn State, Newcastle University, and U.C. Davis on this nationwide project.
“On behalf of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, I would like to thank Senator Schumer and Senator Gillibrand for their support of this incredibly important initiative that will bolster New York’s juice and wine grape businesses by integrating new technology with existing practices for improved production efficiency,” said Kathryn J. Boor the Ronald P. Lynch Dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. “This project is yet another example of the vital research and extension work initiated in New York that has nationwide impact on local food systems and regional economies.”  
It is unusual for a project of this magnitude and national scope to be awarded to and managed by a relatively small regional program in western NY. “We have an excellent project and a talented research and extension team,” Bates commented, “but without the support of the industry groups, university administration, and legislative representatives, we would not have secured funding.” Bates specifically pointed to the support of N.Y.S. Senator Catharine Young, who not only supported the USDA proposal but was also instrumental in building the Cornell Lake Erie Research and Extension Laboratory in Portland, NY. Western NY boasts one of the largest juice grape production regions in the world growing over 30,000 acres of Concord and Niagara grapes for Welch’s and other juice processors. It is also one of the fastest growing wine regions with 24 wineries in the Lake Erie Wine Trail and 22 wineries in the Niagara Wine Trail.

Lake Erie Grapes in the News

The recent below zero temperatures we have across the Lake Erie grape belt has brought a renewed interest to grape production in the area, especially the impact on the cold sensitive wine varieties. Use the station links below to see the LERGP's Luke Haggerty discussing the cold temperatures effects on bud mortality across the region with reporters from Channel 4 and Channel 7 in Buffalo, NY.

NEWSLETTER  |  CURRENT PROJECTS  |  RESEARCH  |  IMPACTS  |  SPONSORSHIP  |  RESOURCES  |  CLASSIFIEDS  |  SITE MAP
LERGPLake Erie Regional Grape Program - Cornell Cooperative Extension
Your Trusted Source for Research-Based Knowledge
In Partnership with Penn State