New Vineyard Timeline · 1-year Pre-plant
Future vineyard land needs to be prepared before ordering the vines. As a general rule, the more money and time invested in site preparation leads to fewer difficulties down the road and allows for easier applications of soil amendments and installation of irrigation systems. In many cases, a cover crop may need to be planted one to two years prior to planting for weed suppression, soil retention and build-up of organic matter.
Assess deer and other pest pressures at your selected site. Many animals love to munch on different parts of grapevines, so it is best to put a plan in place ahead of planting for managing vineyard pests. Will you need bird netting, deer fencing, or an electric fence?
Finally, installing weather equipment is another step in maintaining good records and monitoring vineyard conditions. Get it installed early to monitor vineyard temperatures and local precipitation.
Once the land is prepared, plan to order vines at least one year in advance. Some nurseries may require more time for certain rootstock/scion combinations, so contact the nursery at least one, preferably two, year(s) prior to planting.
After selection of a good site, proper site preparation is one of the most important factors in the ultimate success or failure of a vineyard. This is the time when changes can be made to the site to improve soil conditions, water handling, and the overall efficiency of managing the vineyard. Many experienced grape growers will say that investing the time and money in good site preparation will save both in the long run. This fact sheet describes some of the more... read more
Determine Training System
The main objective in grape production:Maximize sunlight interception.Figure 1. Concord Bud Development. Cluster initiation (arrows) in green shoots begins just after bloom, and by just before veraison, the buds reach stage 6 of 15. After the winter dormancy and bud break the following season, buds pick back up and finish developing via shoot emergence and growth by bloom, at which point the cycle begins anew.*Dates on x-axis are approximate for each season. Adapted from... read more
Assessment of Site Needs
Once a site has been selected, several important tasks must be completed to cover as many details as possible before vines actually go into the ground. This is one attempt to avoid any surprises after site preparation and vine planting and before any major resources are used.Contact planting contractorLaser planting? Auger and a tractor? Shovel and a strong back? Regardless of planting strategy, be prepared for the planting date. Whether you are hiring someone to plant, or... read more
Develop Record Keeping System
The key to being able to implement a successful vineyard management strategy on a yearly basis is record keeping. Whether it is keeping track of the costs of inputs, documenting yield each year or mapping pest outbreaks, the more information you have collected in an organized record keeping system the better management decisions you will be able to make.The biggest hurdle to implementing a record keeping system is often times getting into the habit of collecting the data in... read more
Weather Equipment for Vineyard Operation
Weather is one of the most important factors in grape production as well as being one of the most difficult to manipulate or control. While a vineyardist has little control over the weather, keeping tabs on some basic weather parameters such as temperature and precipitation can pay big dividends by allowing more informed decision making in the vineyard. Weather is an important factor from the initial site preparation to aiding in the decision of when to... read more
LERGP Coffee Pot Meeting
May 3, 2017Come join the LERGP team and fellow growers for pertinent discussion on what is happening in your vineyard right now.
Lake City, PA
LERGP Coffee Pot Meeting
May 10, 2017Come join the LERGP team and fellow growers for pertinent discussion on what is happening in your vineyard right now.
LERGP Coffee Pot Meeting
May 17, 2017Come join the LERGP team and fellow growers for pertinent discussion on what is happening in your vineyard right now.
Check out our new Podcasts!It is hard to be within sight of Lake Erie without seeing at least one of the 30,000 acres of grapes that make up the Lake Erie grape belt in Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Erie and Niagara Counties in New York and Erie County in Pennsylvania. Have you ever wondered what is going on in those vineyards? One of the aims of the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program (LERGP) extension team is to provide the most up to date, research-based information to assist the grape growers in the Lake Erie region. Current LERGP programming is aimed at helping growers to be environmentally and economically sustainable in their grape production practices. Members of the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program research and extension team have added weekly podcasts to their information transfer tools. It is often difficult for growers to get out of the vineyard and to a meeting, so now they can access it from the comfort of their own homes. These podcasts can be of interest to those who are not mainstream growers as well. Whether you are currently looking to start a vineyard, have vines in your backyard or are just interested in the Lake Erie grape industry, if this week’s podcast doesn’t interest you, next week’s could. Tim Weigle, Senior Extension Associate with the NYS IPM Program, enlisted the help of the LERGP team and the team’s media specialist, Damian Dodd, to create weekly podcasts aimed at giving timely information to regional grape growers to aid them in their vineyard management. These podcasts, also called vlogs (video blogs), are brief, approximately 3-7 minutes in length, but packed full of useful information. The podcasts will range from general information on subjects like “What is LERGP?” to more specific topics like how to determine when to purchase fertilizer for the upcoming season. There are 6 podcasts posted to date, these include:
Podcast #1 “What is LERGP?” with Dr. Terry Bates and Luke Haggerty
Podcast #2 “Fertilizer Prices” with Dr. Terry Bates and Kevin Martin
Podcast #3 “Dr. Cain Hickey Reflects” with Drs. Terry Bates and Cain Hickey
Podcast #4 “Dr. Terry Bates Reflects SCRI Year 1” with Drs. Terry Bates and Cain Hickey
Podcast #5 “A full Description of LERGP” with Tim Weigle and Luke Haggerty
Podcast #6 “What is NEWA?” with Tim Weigle and Luke Haggerty
To access these useful videos, you can visit the new Lake Erie Regional Grape Program website at http://lergp.com and click on the Podcast link on the right of the screen. If you would like to be alerted when a new podcast is posted, you can subscribe to the channel by clicking “Subscribe” and an email will be sent when updates are made. Suggestions for future podcasts are welcome and can be made by commenting in the comments box on the YouTube channel or by leaving a comment on the LERGP website “Contact Us” page. If you would like more information on some of the programs being conducted by LERGP, please visit the Efficient Vineyard website https://www.efficientvineyard.com/ to see what is happening with their USDA/NIFA Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI) project.